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Leisure World News Articles

18 August, 2017
Are You Getting All the Security Updates?
By Brent Malcolm
At the last Apple Club meeting in July, and in my last Leisure World article, I reiterated my plea that you keep all software up to date. But what is the best way to insure that you are getting all of those MacOS updates?
The primary consideration for updates is to keep your Operating System up-to-date. The OS is your first line of defense from the malware of the internet. To make the process simple, Apple has provided a way to make it relatively automatic. Go to System Preferences and select the App Store. At the top is the selection, “Automatically check for updates” Check that box. The selections below are to me, very cryptic. They modify the automatic action and should all be checked in most cases. The first, “Download newly available updates in the background” should always be checked. The next two, “Install app updates” and “Install macOS updates” will, when checked, install the updates automatically. If they are left unchecked you will be notified of updates and given the opportunity to install them manually in the future. The last option is very important. If you fail to check the last option, “Install system data files and security updates” you won’t be notified of critical background security-related updates. These security-related updates are the things that typically accompany the “point” updates that occur between the major OS updates and are the very ones that you should be vigilant about downloading and installing.
In the box below those selections you will see an annotation that declares when the last update check was made. The button to the right lets you do another check now. While the App Store Preference page is open it’s a good time to review the remaining selections on Password Settings. To be able to change the settings you must do two things: (1) Unlock the page by clicking on the lock in the lower left corner and entering your computer’s Admin login and password; (2) You must launch the App Store application and login to it by selecting Store > Sign In. Now the settings menus become enabled.
The selection for purchases allows you to either keep your App Store password active for 15 minutes after you have signed in, or to require an App Store password for each purchase. The Free Downloads selection allows you to either use your on-file App Store password or forces you to re-enter it for all free downloads.

Apple Club News
This month’s meeting will be devoted to examining Your Digital Legacy. Almost every one of us has files, photos, email, online accounts, and other digital items that must be dealt with by relatives or by an executor when neither may know anything about your digital life. So how can we best resolve this dilemma? My Washington Apple Pi colleague, Jay Castillo, will tell us how to prepare our Digital Legacy so that it can be passed on without the usual angst on the part of our survivors. Join us on August 22nd at 10:00 AM in the Clubhouse 2 Exercise Room.
Please visit our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org.

Today’s Tip - Do better
proofreading. You know how difficult it is to proofread anything especially your own writing. Here’s the tip to make those typos appear — change the font to one that is markedly different! The new typeface changes the layout and appearance of your writing and makes the errors more visible. This tip from David Pogue


4 August, 2017
Do You Need Anti-Malware Software on a Mac?
By Brent Malcolm
Many people move from Windows to macOS because they are fed up with the hassles of having their PCs infected with viruses and other malware. Also, they’re tired of the miseries of the tools that allegedly fix those problems. So the answer to the headline question is, “No, but you must take advantage of Apple’s built-in protection”.
The first safety net, XProtect, runs constantly in the background on macOS machines. It’s installed by default, runs without your intervention, and even updated automatically. XProtect matches files and applications that have been downloaded to your Mac against a list of known vulnerabilities. If it catches a malicious file, you’ll be notified immediately, usually with a message stating that “the file may damage your computer”, the type of malware or virus it caught, and a warning to move the file to Trash immediately.
Gatekeeper is another handy tool that’s watching out for you. Have you ever downloaded an app from somewhere other than the Apple Store and then when trying to use it, gotten a message that said something like “App can’t be opened because it was not downloaded from the Mac App Store” or “App can’t be opened because it is from an unknown developer”? That’s Gatekeeper at work. Gatekeeper can be set up to provide various levels of “gatekeeping”. This is done by launching System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General, and then selecting one of the available choices. There’s no mention of Gatekeeper in that tab but that is what you are controlling. In addition there are other actions you can take to fully use the protections provided by Apple. First, enable the Firewall. The firewall monitors the traffic from the internet to prevent digital attacks. You turn it on in System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Firewall.
Next, keep your applications and operating system up to date. Almost every application or operating system update made by Apple or third-party developers includes security updates. Curiously, many people still forgo updating their operating system or apps to the latest versions. If you are nervous about the stability of new software, wait a few days. By then any possible flaws will have been fixed and you can confidently download and install the update.
Lastly, if you feel that some sort of anti-malware software will help you sleep better, I suggest Malwarebytes. It is recommended by Apple and is free. Download it here: https://www.malwarebytes.com/mac/

Apple Club News
This month’s meeting will be devoted to examining Your Digital Legacy. Almost every one of us has files, photos, email, online accounts, and other digital items that must be dealt with by relatives or by an executor when neither may know anything about your digital life. So how can we best resolve this dilemma? My Washington Apple Pi colleague, Jay Castillo, will tell us how to prepare our Digital Legacy so that it can be passed on without the usual angst on the part of our survivors.
Join us on August 22nd at 10:00 AM in the Clubhouse 2 Exercise Room.
Please visit our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org.
Today’s Tip - Have your iPhone announce your caller. It turns out that the iPhone can do this just as many wireless home phones can. Open Settings > Phone >Announce Calls. You can choose when the phone announces the caller’s name when it rings: Always, Never, Headphones Only, or Headphones & Car.




21 July2017
Working with Spaces
By Brent Malcolm
In my last article about the features of the Dock (2 June 2014), I mentioned its special menus that refer to Desktops. This article will explain what those menu items are all about.

Do you normally have a number of open applications on your computer? I usually have ten or more open and ready for use. Since the desktop can get rather cluttered with many applications open, you can create additional desktops called Spaces, to organize the application’s windows. When you work in a Space, you see only the application windows that are assigned to that Space. On my computer I have six Spaces, each one contains a specific app: (1) Mail; (2) Safari; (3) Calendar; (4) Finder; (5) iTunes; (6) Other. In addition, certain apps like Excel and Pages are set to display in any Space. When in a particular Space, only the assigned applications’ windows are visible thus limiting the clutter and confusion.

Here’s how to set up these unique Desktops. I recommend you go to your computer and follow along while you read. Launch Mission Control either by a two-finger swipe up on the Magic Mouse, a four-finger swipe up on the Magic Trackpad, touch the F3 key or perhaps you have a Mission Control icon in your Dock. A ½-inch margin will appear at the top of the screen with a label “Desktop” in the center and a plus-sign at the right edge (if your Dock is on the right side, the plus-sign will be on the left). Move your cursor toward the top of the screen and the margin grows to over an inch. This is called the Spaces Bar. Touch the plus-sign and a second Space appears with the label “Desktop 2”. You can create up to 16 Spaces.

Assigning applications to spaces: Right click an applications’s icon in the Dock. From the shortcut menu that appears, choose Options, then one of the following: (1) “All Desktops”; the app opens in every space. (2) “This Desktop”; the app opens only in the current space. (3) “None”; the app opens in any space you’re using. If you assign an application to a specific space, the app will always open in that space.

To delete a Space, enter Mission Control, then move the pointer to the top edge of the screen to show the Spaces Bar. Place the pointer over the space you want to delete, then click the little X button that appears. If the space contains open application windows, they are moved to another space.

You move between Spaces in a number or ways. (1) On a trackpad, swipe left or right with three or four fingers. On a Magic Mouse, swipe with two fingers. (2) Press the Control key and the Right or Left arrow key. (3) Enter Mission Control, move the pointer to the top edge of the screen to show the Spaces Bar, then click a space. Lastly, you can set up a keystroke combination; Go to System Preferences>Keyboard>Shortcuts tab>Mission Control. Then assign a keystroke combination for each of the “Switch to Desktop X”. I use Control-#, that is Control-3 calls Space 3. Give Spaces a try. I think you’ll be pleased with how your desktop is less cluttered and how easy it is to move from Space to Space.


Apple Club News - For the July meeting I will demonstrate the use of Spaces along with how to use all the Safari tools and menus. Learn how to use and manage the items in the sidebar such as the Bookmarks, Reading List and Shared Links. Discover Extensions and how to use the Favorites Bar. Join us on July 25th at 10 AM in Clubhouse 2 Exercise Room.

 Please visit our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org.

Today’s Tip - iPhone Magnifier, a hidden gem that was introduced in iOS 10. You triple-click the Home button to turn the iPhone into the world’s best electronic magnifying glass. Perfect for dim restaurants, tiny type on packages, and theater programs. You can zoom in, turn on the flashlight and tweak the contrast. To set this up, open Settings -> General -> Accessibility -> Magnifier and turn it on. This will enable the function until you turn it off.


7 July 2017
Great Photos with iPhones Part 2
By Ron Masi
“Q. What is the best camera?” A.“The one you have wth you”. Here are more tips to make your iPhone pictures better.

1.
HDR: (Hi Dynamic Range):
Why (you’d like it): Better exposed photos (e.g.bright sky with dark trees, and bright foreground in one image are a tricky lighting situations. With HDR both dark and light portions are well exposed.
How (the iPhone does it): DHR means the iPhone’s camera takes three photos every click. Each image is captured at a slightly a different exposure – one bright, one dark, and one somewhere in between.THEN your device combines them into a single creating a single image with a more balanced exposure.
Set up (what you do): Tap HDR on the screen and select ON.
Warning: You must keep camera perfectly still, brace or tripod etc. recommended. Don't leave HDR on when finished.


2.
Burst:
Why:.. Great for photographing single images of moving subjects e.g. children, birds, animals, street scenes, sports, splashing water etc.
How: iPhones takes ten photos per second as long as you hold the shutter down giving you the best chance of capturing the perfect action shot with minimal blur. You should use burst mode whenever there’s any movement or unpredictability.
Setup: Just hold down the shutter button it’ll take multiple images until you release. Then you select the best ones.
Then just select the those you want to keep.


3.
Live Photos: Three-second moving image.captures the moments just before and after you take the picture – complete with movement and sound.
How: The camera will automatically capture 1.5 seconds of video before, yes before, and after you take the shot. The result will be 3 second of images with movement and sound.
Why: Fun, capture moving subjects, children, water, fun moments, or any scene that has interesting sounds that you want to capture

Setup: tap the round Live Photos icon (next to the HDR option)so that it turns yellow.
To play back a Live Photo that you’ve taken, simply press down firmly on the screen (harder than you’d press for an ordinary screen-tap).
Warning: Only available on iPhone 6s/6s Plus & Newer.

4.
Panorama creates extra-wide panoramic images.
Why: Amazing for wide landscape or cityscapes, also vertical panoramas & waterfalls.
Setup: Select Pano from screen.When you’re ready to start shooting, tap the shutterbutton, then very slowly move your camera in the direction of the arrow superimposed on your screen. Keep the camera as steady as possible. When you’re done, tap the shutter button again to stop.
Warning: The photo you create with Pano mode will include everything your camera saw. If you turned corners as you moved your camera, you may notice some distortion in the final image.

5.
Video Sound movie
Why: Create movies, tell stories about events, celebrations, etc.
Setup: Select Video from screen, press the shutter button to start recording, and again to stop. Length is shown at the top of the screen while shooting. You can tap to set focus, and swipe up / down to adjust exposure, just like still photos.
Warning: Remember there is sound so the person talking to you will be recorded and played back.



16 June 2017
Great Photos with iPhones
By Ron Masi

Do you have your iPhone with you throughout the day? if so you have the what most professional photographers would answer when asked “What is the best camera?” the answer being “The one you have wth you.” Read on to learn how to make better use of it.

Many great subjects are fleeting so you don’t want to spend a lot of time getting your camera ready. Since you probably have your iPhone turned on, changing to camera mode is quick and simple: just tap home key then swipe the screen to the left and it’s a camera. No need to enter your passcode, it’s ready instantly. Since by default it focuses and adjusts to the light, you can take a quick snap shot and you may be happy with that. For better pictures, we’ll look at slightly more advanced settings.

1.
Setting Focus and Exposure: Frame your shot, then tap what you want to be in focus. Your iPhone places a box around the focal point. Then to adjust the exposure, just slide the yellow-sun-looking-dot next to the box, up for brighter and down for darker. Tap the shutter button (or volume up/down) and the image is captured when released. The Focus and Exposure setting you made are then forgotten.
However, if you intend to take several shots of the same image you'd have to reset them each time. To lock focus and exposure, you need to touch and hold the screen for a couple of seconds until you see AE/AF LOCK at top of screen. When focus is locked, it disables the autofocus feature which means that the camera won’t refocus. This is great for street photography when something may move within the scene. To unlock, just tap the screen.

2.
Gridlines
Why: To assist in leveling landscapes and straightening or leveling architecture photos (buildings). Place subject on intersection of two lines. Also assists with “rule of thirds” composition.
How: Camera overlays on your screen two vertical and two horizontal lines dividing it into six equal squares that you then can use to position your image. (Of course grid does not appear on your picture.)
Set up: Settings. > Photos & Camera > scroll down to Grid and slide to green.

3.
Flash
Why: Illuminate a subject in low light, fill in dark areas.
How: Your iPhone has a built in flash (also handy as a flash-light)
Setup: The lightning bolt icon on the camera screen allows selection of on, off and auto
Warning: Flash may be too harsh. Compare shots with and without. In general, leave it off.
Tips: 1. Put thin tissue over flash to soften it. OR try stepping back. 2. Flash is only good for a few yards, using the flash for distant objects is futile and uses battery.

In future articles we’ll explore many more iPhone camera features, but in the meantime practice the above frequently and get familiar with your camera.







2 June 2017 By Brent Malcolm
Conquer the Mac Dock Part 2

This article will review
what can be stored in the Dock and the Dock’s icon contextual menus.

Any application’s icon can be dragged to the dock to the left of the separator, ready to be clicked to launch the app. The dock space to the right of the separator is used to store: (1) the Trash; (2) the icon of any running app that does not have a permanent dock icon; (3) any folder or document that is dragged into this section. This latter use is very handy when you want to have a document available to be opened quickly. To remove anything from the Dock, just drag it away until the “Remove” label appears then release the mouse.

The Dock has some other overlooked capabilities. Right click on an icon in the Dock and a contextual menu appears with various choices depending on whether the app is open or closed, plus some application-specific items. The label “Options” with a display triangle, will appear with all icons. Clicking the display triangle will reveal these choices: (1) “Keep in Dock” if the app is running or “Remove from Dock” if the app is not running; (2) “Open at Login” (this app will then automatically open when you login); (3) “Show in Finder” (opens Finder window that contains the app or document). There is also an enigmatic set of commands about Desktops under the heading of “Assign To”. Desktops is a subject unto itself and will be covered in a future Apple Club article.

As I mentioned, you can drag any folder into the Dock. One folder that should always reside there is the Downloads folder which receives downloads from your browser. The way any folder in the Dock and its contents is displayed can be modified by right-clicking. The folder options are as a Folder or a Stack. You can choose to show the contents of the folder in a number of ways: as a “fan” of icons (best when the folder only contains a few icons), as a grid of icons, as a list or items, or have macOS select the best view based on the number of icons in the folder (by selecting Automatic). That folder can also be sorted by Name, Date Added, Date Modified, Date Created, or Kind (of file). Finally, there’s a menu item to open the folder in the Finder.

The last Dock icon is the Trash whose right-clicking options are Open or Empty Trash. And as an aside you can stop the warning that appears when you try to empty the Trash in the Finder Preferences, Advanced tab.
Security Alert: Apple has recently released software updates for all of its devices. In today’s world of phishers and hackers, you should always, repeat always keep your devices running with the most recent operating system. Please do yourself a favor and upgrade today.
Today’s Tip - Forward a text message. Have you ever wanted to forward a text just the way you can with email? Just hold your finger down on the actual text message that you want to pass along. When the More button appears, tap it, then tap the curly Forward arrow.




19 May 2017
By Brent Malcolm
Conquer the Mac Dock Part 1

The Dock has been around since the earliest days of Mac OS X and is easy to take for granted. It shows a series of icons representing open or closed applications and has shortcuts to access various folders and documents. There are two important sections: (1) Apps and (2) the area that contains documents, folders and the Trash. This article will review the many ways you can define the look and feel of the Dock.

Our goal is to
make the Dock useful but prevent it from invading as little screen space as possible. I’ll describe the settings I use and the reasons why, but I encourage you to experiment with the settings to suit yourself. Open System Preferences (Apple Menu) and select the Dock. The Size slider adjusts the size of the icons and if you select the Magnification check box, the Magnification slider adjusts the icons size as you move the cursor close to them. I make my icon size at about 25% and the magnification at about 75% so that the icons are easily identified as the cursor passes by them. Look lower down in Dock Preferences to the list and check “Automatically hide and show the Dock”. Now the Dock vanishes and causes no interference with your screen at all but pops into view when you move your cursor to the bottom of the screen. (Don’t forget you did this.) The last adjustment is the Position of the Dock. The default is to place the Dock at the bottom but I think that position is inefficient and uses too much screen space especially on a small laptop screen. There is usually more blank space on the right side and that’s my choice. In that case the Dock will appear when you move the cursor to the right edge of the screen.

Looking at some of the other Dock Preferences: (1) “Minimize windows using” popup menu gives you the choice of Genie effect or Scale effect. Try them both and see which you prefer. (2) Since OS X Sierra added tabs to the Finder and most applications, the “Prefer Tabs” preference governs when that capability will apply. The Manual option turns the effect off unless you opt for it in specific applications by holding the Option key. (3) “Animate opening applications” merely controls whether the dock icon “bounces” when its application is launched. (4) “Show indicators for open applications” turns on/off the small dot by each icon showing the application is open.

In the next article I will discuss the options available within the Dock itself such as what can be stored in the Dock and the Dock icon’s contextual menus.


Today’s Tip - Restore the 3-finger drag. Do you remember being able to do 3-finger drag after selecting it in System Preferences > Trackpad. Well you can restore that function but surprisingly it’s no longer in the Trackpad preferences. Instead, select System Preferences > Accessibility. Scroll down to Mouse & Trackpad and click the Trackpad Options button. Then click the Enable dragging check box and select “three finger” drag.


5 May 2017
By Brent Malcolm
I
’ve Lost my iPhone

Help! Your iPhone has been lost or stolen. Now what are you going to do? Your iPhone has become so much a part of your everyday life. To save yourself some of the trauma later, do one thing now. Take the time to set up Find My iPhone so that it can be tracked or erased if the unthinkable happens.

As the name implies, Find My iPhone helps you find your iPhone (or your iPad, iPod Touch or Apple Watch) by
displaying its GPS location on a map. You can also use Find My iPhone to play a sound on you the device (handy for finding a misplaced iPhone around the house) or display a status message (perhaps to offer a reward for a lost iPad). You can also use Find My iPhone to lock or wipe a device clean remotely.

Even more importantly, Find My iPhone enables
Activation Lock, which prevents a thief from activating a stolen iPhone with a cellular carrier. It also prevents anyone from disabling Find My iPhone or erasing the device, rendering a stolen device useless. See this Apple support article for additional information on Activation Lock: https://support.apple.com/HT201365.

However before you can do any of this, you
must set up Find My iPhone before the phone is gone. Here how: Open Settings, tap your name (at the top). Touch iCloud and scroll down to Find My iPhone. Select it and turn on Find My iPhone. You will be asked to sign in with your Apple ID and password so have that ready.

To
test Find My iPhone, log into iCloud.com on any other device to see your device on a map. Click on the phone marker and you will get a menu to: Play Sound, Lost Mode (see below) or Erase.

If your iPhone has disappeared, turn on Lost Mode right away which locks your phone with your passcode. Lost Mode also does these things: (1) Allows you to display a custom message on the screen, for instance how to contact you; (2) Silences all alerts and alarms; (3) Any credit or debit cards set up for Apple Pay on your device are suspended. (4) Allows you to track your phone’s location as long as it’s online.

If you feel the phone will not be recovered, select Erase iPhone in which all information including credit cards is deleted. You will no longer be able to find the phone using Find My iPhone, so use Erase as a last resort. This Apple support article contains a detailed summary of what you should do in the event your iPhone is lost or stolen: https://support.apple.com/HT201472.

Apple Club News
This month we welcome back Jimmy Obomsawin also known as JimmyMac. Jimmy is a Certified Apple Support Professional who provides home and small business support for Apple products. Jimmy will talk about all the little-known unique things you can do with your iPhone. If you have an iPhone you will be delighted to learn these functions. Join us on May 23rd at 10:00 AM in the Exercise Room in Clubhouse 2 for this exciting presentation.
21April 2017
By Brent Malcolm
Use Added Internet Security

I find that all of us are using the internet more and more for personal financial business. That’s all well and good because it is easier and faster than managing your affairs by mail and over the telephone. However, as you know, the
major risk is the possibility of some hacker breaking into your account which could be financially disastrous. Fortunately, many web sites––generally the financial sites––have instituted some form of two-step authentication. Two-step authentication is an added layer of account verification to prove to the site that you do indeed have legal login privileges for that account. The way it works is that you login normally with your login name and (long, complicated) password. Then the site will generate a text message or email to you with a one-time authentication code, generally a four or six digit number. At the same time the site will display a new window where you will enter that authentication code that you’ve received on your phone. Each site will have a settings page where you can establish what sort of notification you want and the phone number and/or email address where the authentication code should be sent.

In addition many sites now also offer a
recovery code which will allow you to verify yourself if you have forgotten your password. For example, Apple’s iCloud will generate a recovery code for you in its Security window. If you later click on “Forgot my Password” one option Apple will offer is to enter your recovery key. Store any recovery codes in a safe place for the rare occasion when you might need to use one of them. If you use a password manager such as 1Password you can store those codes there.

We hear about a new security breach almost weekly and if you are using two-step authentication, you are safer from someone that might have acquired your login credentials. I urge you to add two-step authentication to all of your accounts that offer the service.

Print the LW News
Let’s say you would like to print a copy of an article in the Leisure World News to send to a friend. It is remarkably simple but it must be done using the Google Chrome browser; I can’t find a way to make it work in Safari. Open Google Chrome. Go to http://www.lwmc.com/index.php. On left sidebar, under the LW News header, click on Current Edition. It will take a minute or two to load but once it has loaded, and your cursor is in the window, you will see a toolbar, just above the right side of the LW News. Look for the down-arrow above a horizontal line. Click this and a Save dialog will allow you to save copy of the edition to your desktop or anywhere you would like it.

When you open that image (it will open in Preview), it will look large but if you print it, it will be converted to an 8 ½ x 11 inch format (letter size). You don’t want to print the entire paper but look for the page with the article you want to share and print that page. Many thanks to my colleague, Jim Owen, for sharing this technique. Please visit our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org where you can print this and other LW Apple articles. Just copy and paste them from our web site into a Pages document.

Today’s Tip -
Hang up an iPhone call
You’ve probably noticed that since the release of iOS 10 the red Hang Up button goes away if you press the Home button for any reason. So here’s the solution: To hang up, 
press the Sleep button (the off switch on the side or top of the iPhone). That hangs up the call. Alternatively, you can tap the person’s name and number at the top to make the red Hang Up button appear.



7 April 2017
By Ron Masi
Apple Menus Lead to Efficiency & Information

Some readers were not aware of the many menus on their iMac’s screen, thus missing faster ways to work and get information. So here is an explanation of your Mac’s (not iOS) desktop.
We’ll address three components: the Menubar, the Dock and the Toolbar. The Menubar is the narrow strip across the top of your screen. The Dock is usually at the bottom and contains icons of your favorite programs. The Application Toolbar is specific for the application being used. You should probably be sitting at your Mac to follow this better.

Here are more details on each of the above:

Top of screen.
The
Menubar contains of 3 menus starting from the far top left:
1.The Apple Menu, is an Apple icon, which when clicked provides a drop down menu that accesses information about your Mac such as: About This Mac (Version, description, SN as well as other specific system information) Also how to get support and access to the manual); System Preferences opens the application you use to customize your Mac; you’ll also find direct App Store access, Recent Items opened, Force Quit, Sleep, Restart, Shut Down, Log Out and a few others.

2. To the
immediate right of the Apple logo is the Application menu for the Application you are working in e.g. Pages, Numbers, Mail etc.with corresponding menus for that particular application, things like File, Edit, Insert, Format, Arrange, Help etc. This menu changes slightly depending on the application being used. Note this is part of the Menubar, do not confuse this with the Toolbar described below.

3. Now moving to the
far right of the Menubar we find such things as the time, and date, who’s signed into the Mac, e.g your name, WiFI status with ability to quickly turn it on or off, volume control, access your Notification Center (icon looks like 4 lines) showing your notifications consolidated from Messages, Calendar, Reminders etc. plus any 3rd party apps like weather and stocks you have enabled. You can also quickly access Spotlight here by clicking on the magnifying glass icon and immediately search for anything anywhere.

Bottom of screen:
The Dock. The Dock consists of a row of Icons representing your quick access Applications. If you not happy with what’s there you can decide what goes there, and even where on the screen it is located, mine is on the left side. Modification can be made inPreferences > Dock. You can even hide it till you roll over it, change the size rearrange etc.

Top of each Application
The Toolbar: When you open some Applications, at the very top of its window is a Toolbar specific to that particular App, it can have small icons and labels. That Toolbar is initially populated with default tools but can also be edited by right clicking in a blank portion of the Toolbar. For example you’ll find there are over 40 tools available for Pages and over 30 for Mail. You’re sure to find one or two that will save you time and effort. Try it out.




Please visit us at Mac.Computerctr.org




17 March, 2017
By Brent Malcolm
Where’s the Manual and Ejecting Hardware


People often ask
“Where is the manual?” after purchasing a new Mac. Apple has not included very much paper in their boxes for some time but nevertheless, your Mac has a manual. When you are in the Finder you will see a menu option in the top bar that says Help. Click this and select Mac Help. This is the manual. If you don’t see a sidebar with subjects, click on the label, “Show topics”.

You will see major categories on the left and you can click on the disclosure triangle next to each category to reveal all of the topics in that category. Major categories include: MacOS overview; On the desktop; Customize your Mac; Apple ID & iCloud; Use your Apple devices together; Applications; Get music, apps & more; Create, manage & print files; Protect your data; Mac hardware & accessories; Resources for your Mac; Resources for your other Apple devices. Each topic includes detailed descriptions, how-tos, pictures, and links to further information.

Safely Eject Hardware - Failing to safely eject hardware from a computer is one of the most common mistakes users make. Most people do not realize that unplugging a flash drive or an external hard drive without ejecting it first can damage the files stored on it, or even the hardware itself in some cases.

If a storage device is unplugged from a computer while files are being written to it or read from it, there will most likely be some data corruption. If you were saving a file to the storage device, when it was unplugged, not all of the data may not have had time to be copied and so the next time you try to open that file from that device, the file will most likely fail to open, or the data will be garbled or incomprehensible depending on what type of data it is.
Additionally, unplugging external hard drives without ejecting them can damage the drive. If the read/write head on the drive suddenly loses power, it can strike the data platters and kill data sectors, making the data on them unreadable and the hard drive more likely to fail completely in the future.

To safely eject a storage device on a Mac, you can either click on the eject icon next to the device’s listing in the Finder’s sidebar, or drag and drop the device’s icon into the trash, which should turn into an eject icon when a storage device is dragged over it. Keep in mind that only storage devices need to be safely ejected, not keyboards, mice, or other peripheral devices that do not have internal storage.






3 March, 2017
By Ron Masi
Keyboard Short Cuts

There are many keyboard short cuts to make things easier and faster if you take the time to practice them. Just reading a few of them shown below may be discouraging but try practicing a few a day to find your best finger placement. Find the hint in the alpha character used in most of them to help you remember its use. Give it a try.

For Use in Documents:
To
find misspelled words in an open document just hold down Command and keep hitting the semicolon (;) to cycle through the misspelled words. Using Command + Colon (Shift + Semicolon) opens the spelling and grammar window.

To find your selected text in a document, calendar, mail and some other places use Command + F to open the find bar.

If you want or need to
Quickly hide what’s on your screen, use Command + H .

To
move the cursor around your open document try using Command + an Arrow key
Left arrow key moves cursor to the beginning of the line; Right arrow to the end of the line (not sentence)
Up arrow will move it to the top of document and down arrow… well you got the idea.

Command + Z will
"undo" a previous action.
To put back what you just changed above, use Command + Shift + Z

Change
appearance of text, after selecting text using Command + B, or I, or U will bold, italic or underline the select text.

Misc. uses:
Open applications: Command + Tab (all at the same time ) = Holding down the command key AND the tab key reveals icons of all your open applications. If you want to quit any, just hit tab till you settle on the one you want to quit then hit Q (quit).

Holding down Command + Spacebar immediately opens the
Spotlight search window with the cursor positioned for you to type what you looking for. It will find it almost anywhere e.g. a term in your documents, on the web, etc, etc.

A
Screen shot captures the image on your screen and places it on your desktop for future use. By holding down Command + Shift + 3 you can capture the full screen.
To take a screen shot of just a select portion of your screen hold down Command + Shift + 4 which brings up what looks like a scope site. Hold down your left mouse button and drag over the desired content; when you release your mouse button the content is placed on your desktop. Or, tap the space bar and the crosshair symbol becomes a miniature camera. Hold the camera over a particular window and click. It will take a screen shot of just that window.
With any of these screenshot techniques if you want it to save it to your clipboard to have available for pasting somewhere just add the Control key to the mix.

To
delete something just select it and hit Command + Delete, in some cases just Delete works.
To
close an open window no need to move the mouse pointer to the upper right red ball, just hit Command W and to Save it’s Command S





17 February, 2017
By Brent Malcolm
Recover iCloud files

I’m sure you use iCloud every day although you may not realize that iCloud is involved. If you sync your Contacts, Calendars and Bookmarks, that syncing is done through iCloud. And if you store a document on iCloud, it will be available to all your other devices, both your Macs and your iDevices. So for many of you, iCloud is a critical part of your work routine although it does its work in the background.

Have you ever thought about what would happen if you inadvertently deleted one of the contacts, calendars, bookmarks or documents? This might mean that your treasured contact list is gone or that past and future calendar events are lost. But never fear, because a relatively new feature of iCloud.com will allow you to
restore any deleted file.

Log into iCloud.com and click on the settings button. At the bottom left of the Settings page is an “Advanced” section, with links for restoring files, contacts, calendars, reminders and bookmarks.

As an example, click on Restore Files and a new window will open with a list of deleted files with a notation on number of days until the file is gone for good. Checking the box in front of the file marks it for restoration.

If you click on any other restore selections, the process is different. For example if you click on Restore Contacts you’ll get a window with a list of dates. Those are the dates you made a change to your contacts list. For instance, I was shown a list of 11 dates covering a period of about two months. When you select one, you’ll be selecting an archive of your entire contacts list for restoration. Instead of a single contact, you will restore the entire contacts list effective that date.

Similarly, for restoration of Calendars and Bookmarks you will be selecting a date and restoring an entire archive of your calendars or bookmarks.

So as you can see, Apple makes it difficult to lose something that was placed in iCloud just as Time Machine makes it difficult to lose a file on your local computer.

If you are not using iCloud to sync your various devices that is easily remedied. Open System Preferences and select iCloud. You will see a list of everything that iCloud will sync. Just select the functions that you want to be synced by iCloud.


And one more thing. When you’re in System Preferences, if you find it difficult to
find a preference because the categories are confusing, go to the View menu and select Organize Alphabetically. Your System Preference window is now organized alphabetically making it easier to find certain preferences.

Apple Club News
Our February meeting will feature Ron Masi exploring all the new functions of Apple Support and the App Store. Join us on February 21st at 10 AM in the Exercise Room in Clubhouse 2.

Because of the many password questions that arose during Aaron Davis’s visit last month, in March we will revisit the entire password issue and the use of password managers.

Today’s
Tip - Quick Camera Access
Before iOS 10, if you wanted to take a photo you had to get past the lock screen either using your finger/thumb or by entering the access code. A real pain if you wanted to take a picture in a hurry. Not anymore. All you do now, with iOS10, is to click the home button to wake the phone and swipe to the left.
There’s your camera!

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3 February, 2017
By Ron Masi
Quick photo Edits in Photos

I’ve discovered that a lot of people shy away from improving their “just OK” photographs for fear of doing irreparable harm. With “Photos” software free on you iMac, and some other editing programs there is no need for this fear. You cannot do irreversible damage to your image. Photos uses what is called non-destructive editing meaning your original image is never changed, only what you see, sort of like putting overlays of your edits on top of your original. To go back to the original just click near the top right —you guessed it —Revert to Original, and your are back where you started. With that understanding, lets explore the basic editing in Photos.

There are currently eight categories of quick edits; Here is how to access them: With an image selected in Photos click on the edit/adjust icon (three horizontal lines at top right just left of Details) they’ll be displayed on the right margin of the image. Here is a very quick overview of what the eight edits can do for us:

1.
Enhance: By clicking this the image will be enhanced the way Photos thinks is best; (it’s much better than when first introduced but if you feel you can do better, go to “Adjust” below.

2.
Rotate: Allows you, of course, to rotate the image counter clockwise. To rotate it clockwise hold down Option as you click.

3.
Crop: Besides allowing cropping (cutting off edges) of the image by dragging its edges you can level it using the protractor scale on the right side of the image.

4.
Filters: Reveals nine thumb nails of your image each in a different tone, such as mono, noir, fade, tonal, etc. Click thru them to select the one you want or None.

5. Adjust: This gives you seven adjustments for Light, and slide adjustments for Color and Black & White and three for intensity. Plenty of options for the patient individual. Play with it and remember you can always “Revert to Original”.

6.
Retouch: Allows you to make adjustment to parts of the image such as cloning out blemishes, wrinkles, etc. See bottom right of screen for procedure.

7
Red eye: “Red eye” is a condition created by your camera’s flash or a bright light shining in the subject’s eyes. Red-eye can easily be removed using Photos red eye removal tool. However, when I told someone that recently, they replied: “I don’t have that tool it. I had expected to see Red-Eye on their iMac, as it is on mine, but it wasn’t. After a few minutes of thought I went to the menu bar in Photos clicked on View and in the drop down menu selected “Always Show Red-eye Control”, now it’ll always be there with the other seven adjustments. W

8.
Extension: This has two functions - the first is Mark-Up which allows you to, yes, mark up your image by scribbling on it, typing neatly, adding shapes, etc. in various colors and fonts; the second is that it’s a gateway to using other photo editors you may have on your computer.

Once you have your image the way you like, click the yellow Done (top right corner)..


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20 January 2017
By Brent Malcolm
What Can Siri Do For You
As you know, Siri, your personal assistant, can do a multitude of things. In this article, I hope to reveal some of the not-so-ordinary functions that Siri can do for you and that you might have overlooked.

Calculator: Just say, “What’s 85 plus 24.5 plus 39”.
Convert Measurements & Currencies: How many Euros in $500.00 or what is 100 kilometers per hour in miles per hour.
Decision Help: Just say “Flip a coin” or “Roll the dice” or “Pick a number”. The latter defaults to the range of 1-100 but you can specify any range.
What Movies are Playing: Just say “What movies are playing” to get times and nearby locations.
Identify a Song: Just say, “What song is playing”.
Launch Applications: Say “Launch Mail” or “Launch Safari”
Create and Edit Calendar Events: Say “Make a lunch appointment with Jon for 2 pm on Thursday”. Or, “Change my Thursday lunch to 1:30 pm”
Create Reminders: “Remind me to wash the car when I get home”
Play a specific song: “Play Beethoven’s Fifth”
Sending Text Messages: “Send message to Steve that I’ll be late”. Remember that you can add punctuation by saying, “comma”, “period”, etc.
Make Calls: “Call my wife” or “call Fred”. You can also make FaceTime calls, “FaceTime Joe”.
Make Speakerphone Calls: “Call Sam using speakerphone”.
Search for Photos: To find photos of a particular place/time, “Show me photos from Rehoboth Beach last September”.
Make Restaurant Reservations: “Make a dinner reservation for 4 at 7 pm”. Siri will show you restaurants, you select one. If you have OpenTable app installed she will make the reservation.
Sports Information: “Who do the Redskins play next?”
Check Stock Prices: “What is the price of Apple stock?”
Find Owner of Lost iPhone/iPad: If the user of the device allows Siri from the lock screen, say ”Who does this iPhone belong to?” The owner’s contact information is displayed.
Set an Alarm or Timer: “Wake me tomorrow at 6:30 am” or “Set the timer for 30 minutes”.
Bluetooth & Wi-Fi: Turn either of these on or off.
Screen Brightness: “Make the screen brighter”. It will do your bidding and also show a slider to make more adjustments.
Lastly, Siri uses Wolfram Alpha a fact-filled web site. So you can ask, “What planes are overhead?” or “How many calories in an apple”.


Today’s Tip - Quick Camera Access
Before iOS 10, if you wanted to take a photo you had to get past the lock screen either using your finger/thumb or by entering the access code. A real pain if you wanted to take a picture in a hurry. Not anymore. All you do now, with iOS10, is to click the home button to wake the phone and swipe to the left. There’s your camera!

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6 January 2017
By Ron Masi
Apple Support App & Contacts Tips
Although getting Apple support has always been easy, they have just opened another way to get it. In mid December Apple released a new free App called Apple Support. Once installed, takes about 45 seconds on your iDevice, and after you sign in with your Apple ID and password, you are presented the main page with images of all your devices registered with Apple. It showed my 8 devices. (If you have devices not linked to your Apple ID, the bottom of the page has a link to a page for linking them. (I recommend all your devices be linked.)

Click on the icon of the device you are having a problem/question about and you’ll be presented a list of relative areas such as: Battery Power & Charging; Apple ID and Password; Setup and Usage; Repairs and Damage, and a few more. After selecting a category, you are shown another list relative to your selection. After making that selection you get these options:
1. A phone icon stating “Talk to Us Now” with a blue link Get Started.
2. “Schedule a Call” where you tell them when to call you.
3. “Call Us Later” where you confirm your info and set up a time you will call them. You are also advised what you should do before you call them, like update your software, reboot etc.
4 “View All” which brings up the above options plus an option to “Chat” and “Bring in for Repair”.

The bottom of the main page continues with several Featured Articles, the one I’m looking at while writing this had three: How to back up your iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch; Use Messages on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch; and Take and Edit Photos with your iPhone and iPod touch. Clicking on each brings up a nice, graphic heavy, step-by-step procedures that appear very easy to follow.

I recommend all users of Apple products get this free app and try it.
This is a new app so by the time you read this there may have been some updates to what is outlined above.

Here’s how to get the Apple Support App: From your iPhone, iPad go to the online App Store (blue icon with white compass and ruler in a white circle). In the search box at top right type in Apple Support and it will show up (looks like a blue field with a small Apple logo in top right corner); click “Get” and you may be asked for your Apple ID and Password. It then downloads and the App icon, blue field small apple, appears on your device ready to use.

Contacts Tip:
Sorry the following currently only applies to your iMac. In Contacts don’t you wish you could see giant size phone numbers —and more—?
Here’s how: Open Contacts, go to any phone number and right click on the number, a drop down window appears with lots of options you may not be aware of such as:
Large Type. Selecting this put the giant numbers across you whole screen.
Call xxx using iPhone (makes the call through the iPhone associated with your iMac)
Face Time, or FaceTime Audio. Opens Face time window and call.
Message. Open Message window
Create New Contact. Creates a new contact in Contacts
Add to Existing Contact. Adds number to a contact you select

Don’t forget to visit our Leisure World Apple Website at mac.Computerctr.org
There you’ll find what we do, calendar of our events, hot items, recent and past programs and published articles in the LWNews, and more updated information.

Happy Holidays
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16 December 2016 -
By Brent Malcolm
MacOS Hidden Treasures - Services
For many years there has been a Services menu item in the application menu of most applications. Since the applications menu contains commands like About, Preferences, and Quit, many people never notice the Services item.
The simplest way to explain
Services is that they’re a way to invoke features of one application from within another application. Here’s an example. Let’s say you want to email a snippet of text from a web site to a friend. Here’s how most people would do that: (1) Select the text; (2) Copy the text; (3) Switch to Mail; (4) Create a new message; (5) Paste the text into the body of the message.
Here’s how to perform that same task using a Service. For example, if I’m viewing the desired text in the Safari browser: (1) Select the text; (2) Select Safari > Services > New Email With Selection. This will open a new mail message and place the selected text in the new message.
Services work in many MacOS apps and with all sorts of objects, like selected text, graphics, files, and folders. The Services menu is contextual, so what you see in it depends on what’s selected. In the Finder, the Services menu also appears at the bottom of the contextual menu that appears when you Right-click on a file or folder. Next time you are using any application, select some text and look at the Services menu to see what sorts of things you can do with the selection.
To manage all Services, open System Preferences > Keyboard > Shortcuts > Services. Apple presumably chose this somewhat obscure place for services because services can also be invoked with keyboard shortcuts.
Once in the Services view of the Keyboard preference pane, you can check and uncheck services to enable or disable them. To save even more time, you can add keyboard shortcuts to commonly used services. Select a service, click Add Shortcut, and press the desired keys. Sometimes it can be tough to find a simple keyboard shortcut that isn’t already claimed by the Finder or another app, but I’ve found that Command-Option-Control, followed by a letter, usually works.
Apple Club News
***
Today’s Tip - iPhone Street View
Street View is one of the most amazing features of
Google Maps. You can be at any place in the U.S. (or many other countries) and look around you, thanks to the photographs taken by Google’s camera vans over the last few years. How do you get Street View on the phone? Hold your finger down on a particular spot on the map. That produces a red pin, and it also produces a thumbnail image in the lower-left corner of the screen.
Tap it to enter Street View!
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2 Dec. 2016
By Ron Masi
Keep Up to Date
Too often when I receive questions on an individual’s Apple products I discover that the device has not be kept up to date. Either the OS (operating system) or individual Apps /Programs are outdated. It is extremely important that you keep your product updated primarily for security reasons and also to ensure peak performance.
Here is a
summary on Apple’s updating procedures:
1. For iOS devices (iPad, iPhone and iPod):
First check to see if your iOS (Operating system) is current by:
Open Settings, > (then go to) General >Software update. If you see a messages saying something like “iOS 10.1.1 Your software us up to date”. (as of this writing the latest version of the iOS was 10.1.1) there is nothing further to do. But if you get a message indicating an update is available, follow the instructions for updating which are something like “download and install”.
Please keep in mind that an iOS update could take a few minutes to about half an hour-so wait till you have something else to do while it’s downloading and installing. If your device has a low charge you may be directed to plug it in. Follow any instructions on the screen.
Apple sends notices when iOS updates are available; don’t ignore them, the message will have you click to start the update.
More detailed instruction as provided by Apple can be found at: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203977
2. Apps on your iOS device. Apps are the small programs on you device like Maps, Calendar, Weather, News, etc. Each one may often require updates; I have updated as many a ten a day (I have many Apps). The good news is they update fast. Here’s how to update Apps:
Go to the Apple store (click the blue App on your device with a white compass and ruler in a white circle). At the bottom right you’ll see a box with an arrow entering it. If there is a red circle (badge) with a number in it indicating how many Apps you have to update. Relax, it’s no big deal. Click the red badge and you’ll see a list of all the apps with updates, at the top click “Update All” and you’ll be surprised how fast it updates them all. You can watch the circle next to each showing the progress. Once updated, use our device as before. I usually check for App updates a couple times a week.
3. OS: Check to see if your iMac's current:
Click the Apple icon at the extreme top left of your iMac, in the drop down menu that appears; click “About This Mac” then in the window click on “Software Update”. This brings up a window showing what updates are available or a “Message stating No Updates Available”. If you see “no updates available”, you’re up-to-date. .
If you have an update available just click on it and follow the instructions provided. Updates can take from less than a minute to almost an hour, depending on your connection and size of the update, you’ll be shown a progress bar with the estimated time remaining. Apple will advise you when updates are available but it doesn’t hurt to check yourself every week of so.

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18 November 2016
by Brent Malcolm

Lithium-Ion Battery Management
In the last few years all of Apple’s portable devices; laptops, iPods, iPhones and iPads use a version of the Lithium-Ion battery. This battery marks a large performance advance over its predecessor, the Ni-Cad battery. It provides a major increase in battery life for the same physical size battery. It is also lighter than previous batteries. However, Lithium-ion batteries also begin to degrade from the time they are manufactured.
But with this improvement comes the need to treat the new battery differently. First, you no longer need to allow the battery to power all the way down before you recharge it. That old behavior is a legacy of the Ni-Cad battery that would “forget” some of its capacity if it was not first completely discharged before recharging.
One of the Lithium-Ion battery’s features is that it doesn’t suffer from the Ni-Cad’s ills and consequently doesn’t need to be fully discharged before recharging. In fact it’s better to recharge when the Lithium-Ion battery gets to 50% because if the battery is drained to near zero, the battery will lose some capacity.
It turns out that heat is the real Lithium-Ion battery enemy. Not only does heat speed battery drainage but it causes the battery to degrade faster. So try to keep your battery-equipped devices relatively cool. Don’t leave them in a hot car or near indoor heat sources. Even carrying them in your pocket will affect them.
Lastly, if you need to put a device away for a while, turn it off when the charge is approximately 50%.

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4 November 2016
by Brent Malcolm
Know Your Passwords
One of the most common problems that I encounter when I am asked for help is that the user has forgotten his or her passwords. There are two passwords that you should never forget because they are needed for all activities on your Mac and iDevices. The first is your Apple ID with its associated password and the second is your computer’s Administrative (Admin) password.
The Admin password is required to install most applications and to modify most of the important System Preferences. If you forget your Admin password it can be reset but if this is done, you will lose access to your Keychain which is tied to the old Admin password. Keychain is the application that remembers your internet passwords.
Your Apple ID is what links you to the App Store and to the iTunes Store.In order to download or purchase any apps or music you must know your Apple ID. Moreover, you can use iCloud to sync your Contacts, Calendars, iCloud Drive, Photos, Mail, Reminders, Keychain, Notes and Safari bookmarks. To do this you must know your Apple ID.
You should have a robust password for your Apple ID especially if you have a credit card on file with Apple for purchases of music and applications. In addition I recommend you use what is called Two-step Authentication. To use this function you must have an iPhone, iPad or iPod. If you have invoked Two-step, the next time you log in to iCloud, it will send a four-digit code to your iDevice which you then use to verify your identity with iCloud. This is not as complicated as it sounds and is far more secure.
Like the Admin password the Apple ID password can be reset with Apple but you must have answered some security questions. If you don’t recall doing this, log into your Apple ID account page at appleid.apple.com. Once there you can change your password, add a trusted phone number, add or change your credit card or begin Two-step authentication.
I suggest you write down both your Apple ID and its password plus your Admin password. I know the normal advice is to never write down passwords but we’re all getting a bit forgetful and if you put the paper in a secure place it is far better than the nuisance you’ll endure if you forget them. If you are a casual computer user and only email, surf the web and don’t buy anything from the App Store, just relax and don’t worry about someone getting these passwords.
Beyond the basic passwords discussed above, for those of you with lots of passwords to various internet sites, many of whom could be banking or investment sites, I recommend the use of a Password Manager such as 1 Password or LastPass. These applications store all your passwords in a secure environment accessible only through a master password.
Mac Club News
The subject for the Tuesday, November 22nd meeting is Photos. Our guest is the always popular, Mike Wish, who will demonstrate how to organize your photos, do photo editing and make photo projects for the holidays. Please visit our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org.
Today’s Tip - Capitals don’t Matter
Even today, 25 years into the Internet revolution, you’ll give someone your email address, and they’ll say, “All lowercase?” On the Internet, CAPITALS NEVER MATTER. This includes email addresses, Twitter and Facebook names, and Web addresses. Occasionally, the part after the slash in a Web address is case-sensitive.
But for everything else, including email addresses capitals don’t matter.

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October 21, 2016
by Ron Masi

Some new features in iOS 10
What is iOS 10? Well, in case you don’t already know, it is the latest OS (operating system) for iDevices like your Apple iPhone and iPad. An OS is the program that makes the device do what it does. This latest update has over a hundred changes, many hidden behind the scenes Below are just a few of the new features we’ll find useful.

1. Magnifying Glass. Are you having trouble reading small print on a dinner menu or an Rx bottle? You can use your iDevice as a magnifying glass but first you have to set it up. Here is how: Go to Settings>General>Accessibility>Magnifier, where you’ll toggle Magnifier and Auto Brightness on. Then leave Settings. Now when you have small print to read, or even a small splinter in your pinkie, quickly tap the home key very fast 3 times and point the camera at what you want to enlarge Using the now visible yellow zoom slider, you can adjust the magnification to suit you.

2. Links in Messages. Too often friends and others send us Messages -not email - with an embedded link in the message, sometimes they just send the link. Before iOS 10 you had to click it to get an idea what it is. No longer! Instead of opening a “plain brown wrapper”, the Message app loads a preview of the linked web page in a thumbnail image. Note this is in Messages only and not yet in email, perhaps coming soon.

3. Unwanted Apps. Apple pre-installs many Apps on your device, some like GarageBand or Keynote most of us will never use. Since they were pre installed by Apple, we could not get rid of them. This, many of you have identified as a concern. Well, now with the latest iOS update you can make them invisible and pretend they are not there. You “delete them” just like you delete other Apps by holding down the App icon until it starts to “dance,” then tap the X button that appears in its top left corner. Remember you are not saving any space — just hiding the App. Perhaps in a future update, you’ll really be able to actually remove them and save some storage space. Also keep in mind they are just like other Apps you got from the App Store whether it’s free or you paid for it, they are yours; so even if you delete it, you can always get it back by going to the App store.

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October 7, 2016
by Ron Masi
IT Talks? (Slightly modified from that published.)
Have you wondered how to have your iDevice (iPhone / iPad) that you do something think it should be able to do? In some cases it will do it but you have to give it explicit instruction.
In this article we’ll start exploring just that. No matter what your level of experience, after reading this article and of course closely following the step-by-step procedures below, you’ll be able have your device do the following two things: (A) Read to you and (B) Stop reading or playing when you go to sleep. There is nothing to buy or download so let’s get started. Pull out your iDevice and let’s get started.

A.
It’ll read to me? Yes.
Step 1: Go to the Settings menu (resembles clock gears), tap the General tab, then tap Accessibility (right side)
Step 2: Tap Speech (on right)
Step 3a: Turn on both Speak Selection and Speak Screen by sliding their button to the right until it turns green.
Step 3b: At bottom of that same screen at Speaking Rate, there is a turtle on the left and rabbit on the right, (get it, slow to fast) so slide the button between them to set your desired speed. Congratulations you have just enabled your device to read to you. Exit settings by tapping Home button.
Step 4a: Now try it out. Go to any web site and select some text by highlighting it. A black pop up menu appears immediately above your selection giving several options such as :Copy, Define, Speak, etc. Tap Speak and the selected text is read to you. By highlighting any text, be it on a web site, email, a document, etc. it will be read to you.
Step 4b: It gets even better. If you have a screen full of information or an iBook (yes even an iBook), etc. it can be read to you without highlighting it and here is how to do it. Starting with two fingers off the screen swipe down from the top of your iDevice and it will immediately start reading it to you. To have more control of how content is read, a box appears allowing control of the speed (the turtle and the rabbit),pause, stop, fast forward, etc.
One last comment: If the page cannot be read you'll receive a written and spoken notice something like: No speakable content could be found on the screen.

B.
Auto Stop Playing: What if you like going to sleep listening to your iDevice playing music, news, iBook etc., but don’t want it playing all night. Here’s the steps to have it play for the length of time you desire
Step 1: Start playing your selection.
Step 2a: Open the bottom pull-up screen, (swipe up with one finger starting below the bottom of screen)
Step 2b: Tap the timer icon at bottom (looks most like a clock face)
Note these steps are specifically for the iPhone; steps for the iPad differ slightly, but you should be able to figure it out there is not enough room here for the specific details.
Step 2c: Rotate the hour and minute wheel to select how long you want it to play.
Step 3: Insure the When Timer Ends indicates Stop Playing. Note slightly different steps of iPhone and iPad
Step 3a On iPad tap the center text at bottom between Done on left and Start on Right. Select Stop Playing from very bottom of pop up menu.
Step 3b On iPhone in center of screen if When Timer Ends does not say Stop Playing tap it and change to Stop Playing
Step 4: Press start. Congratulations your device is now playing and will stop when the time you selected is up.


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September 16, 2016
By Brent Malcolm
The Power of Preview - Part 3 of 3
This is final article on Preview in which I’ll describe its powerful image editing features. To begin, you must first understand how to select image content. Preview offers five different selection tools, each of which may be more or less appropriate depending on what you want to accomplish. You’ll use the Rectangular Selection tool the most, but the Elliptical Selection Tool and Smart Lasso Tool also can be helpful. Finally, the Instant Alpha Tool is useful for making image backgrounds transparent.
You find these tools at the left end of the Markup toolbar. To access the first selection tools, click the Selection Tools button and choose from the drop-down menu. (This menu is only available when you’re working on an image. When a PDF is open, only the Rectangular Selection tool is available.) Once a selection is made, blue adjustment handles appear at the edges of the outline. Once you’ve made a selection from the image you can Copy (
⌘-C) or Paste (⌘-V) your selection in another image or document.
Use the Instant Alpha button (it looks like a magic wand) to replace a colored area from an image, replacing it with transparency. That’s essential when you want irregularly shaped images, such as logos or product photos, to float above a Web page’s background color or to have an image’s fill color match the page color. It works only with image formats that support transparency, including PNG, TIFF, and GIF. If you try to use it on an unsupported file format, such as JPEG, Preview asks if you want to convert the file to PNG.
Now that you know how to make selections, you can use that to crop an image. Once the selection is made, select Tools > Crop (
⌘-K). Instead of cropping, consider moving that selected image to a new document. First do a Copy, then Select File > New from Clipboard and Preview will create a new document containing your copied data.
I hope that this series of articles on Preview has opened your eyes to the myriad features of the application and the many ways it can make your life easier. If you are interested in exploring more of Preview’s features I recommend the electronic book, “Take Control of Preview” one of many excellent Take Control ebooks on every Mac subject. (https://www.takecontrolbooks.com)
Mac Club News

The subject for the Tuesday, September 27th meeting is an introduction to using and enjoying Twitter presented by fellow Washington Apple Pi member, Jonathan Bernstein. Want to keep track of current trends or follow the latest developments?  Have an unusual interest you’d like to promote or to track more closely?  Want to communicate with a person or business that by other channels isn’t practical to reach?  Want to keep this going on the fly, whether on desktop, laptop or mobile device?  Must you “tweet” to use Twitter?  What does advertising look like in Twitter?  As in all social media tools, what privacy issues and options?
These are some useful features of, and questions about, this social media tool that he will discuss and demonstrate. 

Today’s Tip - Google does Conversions
You already know that Google can convert numbers and currency and stats for you, don’t you? Right? It does, right in the search box on the home page.
For example:
Inches in 37 centimeters
Hectares in an acre
72f in centigrade

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September 2, 2016
By Brent Malcolm
The Power of Preview - Part 2 of 3
This is a continuation of the August 19th article on how to use the arcane features of Preview to make you more productive.
Let’s look today at Preview’s annotation tools. First open Preview. Most of these tools are available in the Tools > Annotate menu, but it’s often easier to find them in the Markup Toolbar, which you can display by clicking the toolbox icon on the main toolbar, or by choosing View > Show Markup Toolbar (
⌘↑A).
To insert a shape into a PDF document, click on the drop-down menu represented by a square overlaid by a circle and select the shape you want; it will appear in the center of the page you’re viewing and can be dragged anywhere in that page and resized using the blue handles. Hold the Option key to resize with a constant aspect ratio or Shift to keep the same dimension throughout. You can even rotate the figure if you have a trackpad. Select the shape, put your thumb and forefinger on the trackpad, and twist. Make sure you have a shape selected first, because otherwise Preview rotates the entire image (in 90-degree increments).
You can modify the color of the shape’s border by clicking the red-outlined square in the Markup toolbar and its line thickness with the three-line tool. You modify the interior color by selecting the white square in the Markup toolbar. You can draw any kind of figure by clicking the pencil tool. You can insert text by clicking the square with the T and modify that text by clicking the drop-down menu marked by the A.
One of the most valuable Preview features is the capability to add a signature to the PDF. This will allow you to sign and email a document without having to depend on the mail. First select the signature tool and click on Create Signature. You have two options: Trackpad or Camera. Select Camera, sign a white piece of paper and hold it up to the camera. The camera will automatically photograph it and display it for your approval. Click Done if you approve or Clear to try again. Once approved, the signature will appear in the Signature drop-down menu for future use. You click on the signature and it will appear in your document just like a shape which can be resized and moved.
Mac Club News
The subject for the Tuesday, September 27th meeting is an introduction to using and enjoying Twitter presented by fellow Washington Apple Pi member, Jonathan Bernstein. Want to keep track of current trends or follow the latest developments?  Have an unusual interest you’d like to promote or to track more closely?  Want to communicate with a person or business that by other channels isn’t practical to reach?  Want to keep this going on the fly, whether on desktop, laptop or mobile device?  Must you “tweet” to use Twitter?  What does advertising look like in Twitter?  As in all social media tools, what privacy issues and options? These are some useful features of, and questions about, this social media tool that he will discuss.

Today’s Tip - Customer Service
Looking for Customer Service for a company? Do you have a gripe or want to issue an “atta-boy”? Just go to to www.contacthelp.com. It’s a free Web site that maintains an up-to-date database of the customer-service contact information of the world’s companies: email, phone, Web site, hours of operation, and so on.

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July 5, 2016
By Ron Masi

Wow!! My iDevice does that?
Have you wondered why your device won’t do X, Y and Z? Well, in many cases it will do X, Y and Z, but we just don’t know
how to tell it to do it. Below we’ll start our exploration of finding out what we are missing and sharing “hidden” features. After reading this article and following the steps, you’ll be able to immediately find all your draft email, make the device read the screen to you, and to stop speaking/playing music after you go to sleep. You can do all this with nothing to buy or down load since your updated device already has these capabilities..


1.Can I
make my device read the screen to me?
Yes your can and fairly easily. Go to Settings Menu, choose General then (>) Accessibility > Speech. From there, all you have to do is turn on “Speak Selection.” Now, anytime you choose a text selection, your phone will read it to you. If you select “Speak Screen” the screen contents are read to you when you swipe down from the very top of the screen with two fingers. Yes, if you have an iBook on the screen it will read it to you. You can even choose the language from this settings screen. This is useful if the page is in several languages, it will read them in the language written. To control the speed while content is being read, a box appears on screen showing an icon of a rabbit and a turtle; it allows you to speed up, slow down or stop. If the page cannot be read you'll receive a written and spoken notice something like: No speakable content could be found on the screen. Give it a try.

2. Want to
find all your draft emails quickly (emails have started but not finished or sent) with just one touch?
Easily done by opening mail and holding down the compose icon a second (it looks like a box/piece of paper with a pen on it). Immediately a drop-down box with all your drafts is displayed; just tap the one you want. In addition when you quickly tap the compose icon you’re presented with a blank new message page ready for you to address and type your email.

3. If you like falling asleep listening to your iDevice playing/reading etc. but don’t want it playing all night, here is how to
set the timer:
On the bottom pull-up screen, select the clock icon and then in the lower right corner select the Timer. Now set the amount of time you want the device to play. Note: just this next step differs slightly by device:
On the iPad tap the music icon between the Pause and Start button
On the iPhone tap When Timer Ends in the middle of the screen.
This opens the When Timer Ends window. Scroll down and select the last option Stop Playing. Then tap “Set” in the top right of window. Now when the time you set is up (and hopefully you are fast asleep) your device stops playing and goes to sleep with you.

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September 22, 2016
By Brent Malcolm
The Power of Preview - Part 1 of 3
This article is the first visit to Preview with more to follow. With Preview, Apple has provided a powerful application for viewing images and documents (PDFs plus iWork and Microsoft Office documents) and it’s built into OS X for use on your Mac. I know that you have used it many times; every time you double-click on an image or PDF, you open it in Preview. But there are many tools within Preview that will make it more useful.
To begin, you should see a toolbar at the top of the Preview window when you open a file. If not, select View > Show Toolbar. You can then select View > Customize Toolbar to add any of these to the Toolbar:
A Zoom button set that includes an Actual Size button
Zoom to Fit and Actual Size
Scale, which enables you to zoom to a specified percentage
Previous and Next page buttons for page-by-page PDF navigation
Page, which lets you jump to a specified page
Slideshow, which starts a slideshow — more on that shortly
Inspector, for showing and hiding the Inspector window
Magnify, which displays a loupe for examining small details or text
Selection, for switching to rectangular selection mode quickly
Print, for opening the Print dialog

You can add Notes, Highlighting and Bookmarks to any PDF document. To add a Note select Tools > Annotate > Note (or ^
⌘N). To add a Highlight select the text and click the Highlight toolbar button. (Also Tools > Annotate > Highlight). Be aware that the Highlight button contains a dropdown menu to select the highlight color. To add a Bookmark click on the page and select Tools > Add Bookmark (or ⌘D). To locate the page that contains any of these marks, you must be able to see the Sidebar.
If the Sidebar doesn't appear in a multi-page document, show it by selecting View > Thumbnails. Once the Sidebar is visible you can define what appears there by returning to the View menu and selecting: Thumbnails, Table of Contents, Highlights and Notes, Bookmarks or Contact Sheets. This will allow you to see the pages that contain the Highlights, Notes or Bookmarks.
I encourage you to experiment with these features so that you’ll be familiar with them when you want to use them later.
Mac Club News
The subject for the Tuesday, August 23rd meeting is an introduction to using and enjoying YouTube presented by Jim Owen. Please refer to our web site: http://mac.computerctr.org. If you have a question we’re always here at lwmacclub@gmail.com. Lastly, remember to take advantage of our walk-in clinic on the first, second and third Tuesdays in the Computer Learning Center from 10:00 to
11:00 where you can get help with hardware and software questions.

Today’s Tip - Dial an Extension on your iPhone
If you have to dial a company and you know the extension of the person you are calling you can dial it directly without going through an operator. Simply open the Phone app, enter the number you’re calling followed by a comma and then the extension, e.g: 301-555-12312,342. Tap the green call button and you’ll go right through.

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May 6, 2016
By Brent Malcolm

Email Etiquette
I would like you to reconsider how you send emails to multiple people. In the early days of email, it was simply a matter of putting everyone in the To field or in the Cc (Carbon copy) field and sending it off. Unfortunately, however, times have changed. There are many, many more spam artists and malware producers out there who are always looking for new email addresses to whom they can send their garbage.
In parallel with that, many people are not vigilant about their computer hygiene, most of them PC users. By that I mean, they have allowed viruses and malware to invade their computers and many of those viruses will harvest any email addresses that are sent to them. For example, if you send an email to ten people, and one of those ten people has an email harvesting virus on their computer, you’ve exposed the other nine people to spam.
With those dangers out there it’s important to send emails that don’t reveal every email address to every recipient. How do you do that? Use the Bcc (or Blind carbon copy) address block. When you do that every recipient will only see your (the sender’s address) and his/her address. If you don’t see a Bcc field when you open a new email form, click the toolbar button with three lines and a down-facing caret and select “Bcc Address Field”.
Obviously, when you put all your addressees in the Bcc field, nobody knows who the other recipients are. This could be a problem if you are part of a group working on an issue and it’s important that everyone know who is involved. In this case simply include a line in the body of the email with every recipient’s name (not email address).
I urge you to consider using blind copy addressing in your emails that go to multiple recipients. Keep your friends safe.

Quick Look
One of the most easily overlooked functions in OS X is Quick Look which has been around since OS X 10.5, Leopard. Quick Look offers you a fast preview of what’s inside a file. It works with many common file types, such as text files, images, audio, video, PDFs, and even Microsoft Office files. To invoke Quick Look in the Finder, select a file and choose File > Quick Look “_filename_” (Command-Y). Better yet, just click on a file in the Finder and press the Space bar.
With Quick Look open, you’ll see a button to cause the file to open in it’s default application. There’s also a Share button to send the file to another person or service without fully opening it.
If the file you’re previewing with Quick Look has  multiple pages, you’ll see thumbnails on the right that you can  scroll through using your mouse or trackpad, or by using the Page Up/Page Down keys (on a laptop, use Fn-Up Arrow and Fn-Down Arrow). Although Quick Look windows generally open to a useful size, you can  resize the window by dragging any edge. To close Quick Look, press  the Space bar or Command-Y again, press Escape, or click the  window’s close button in the upper left.
If you select multiple files before invoking Quick Look, you can use the Left and Right arrow keys to cycle through your selections; there are also forward and back buttons that appear in the top left of the Quick Look window. Next to those buttons is a thumbnail button that displays the selected files in a grid of thumbnails. Click any thumbnail to focus on just that item.
One interesting use of this capability is that you can use Quick Look to examine files in the Trash, which can’t otherwise be opened while they remain in the Trash. So if you want to recover a particular image among a bunch that you’ve trashed, Quick Look is a fast way to figure out which one to pull out. Similarly, you can use  Quick Look within Time Machine to preview file versions before restoring them.

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April 15, 2016
By Brent Malcolm

iCloud Services
Many of us use the services of iCloud to store documents and photographs and to keep our various desktop, laptop and iDevices in sync. But did you know that iCloud keeps a backup of deleted and out-of-date files? New features that have been added to iCloud.com makes it possible to restore any files, contacts, calendars or reminders that may have been inadvertently deleted.
Log into iCloud.com from your favorite browser, then click on the Settings button. At the bottom left of the Settings page is an “Advanced” section, with links for Restoring files, contacts, calendars, and reminders. Click on Restore Files, and a list of recently deleted files in iCloud appears. Checking the box before a file name marks it for restoration. Each listing also includes the number of days until the file is gone for good.
Clicking the Restore Contacts button displays a similar list. The difference between this and the file restore function is that while individual files are listed in file restore, archives of the entire contact list are listed here. It appears that contacts are archived automatically once a week unless additions or deletions to the list are made. In any case, clicking the Restore link on any archive replaces all of your contacts on all devices. This will restore deleted contacts, but it will of course, remove any that have been added since the last archive.
The next feature is Restore Calendars. Here, a list of calendar and reminder archives is displayed. As with contacts, Restore Calendars is a calendar-wide action. It restores a deleted calendar and reminder items, and replaces the entire existing calendar.
You probably won’t find a need to use the iCloud restore functions very often but it’s reassuring to know that there’s a backup of your important data just as you take comfort from your Time Machine backup. You do have a Time Machine backup don’t you?

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April 1, 2016
By Ron Masi

My iDevice Won’t Charge
Your iDevice (iPhone/iPad/iPod) is plugged in but is not charging. Take a breath. Usually the “problem” has nothing to do with the iDevice unless there has been damage.

First ensure it’s really not charging. While the device is on the charger, find the battery icon on the top right of the device’s screen. If there is a lightning bolt next to it, the device is charging. Just wait a while. If no lighting bolt, try the following:

1. Check Phone’s Charging Port for Obstructions
Check the charging port for crud, such as like pocket/purse lint, candy, chips etc. Clean with dry toothbrush or compressed air. Also check the cable ends. This should solve the problem. If not, keep reading

2. Change the Wall Outlet
The wall outlet may not be working. A ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) at the plug may be tripped, power switch off, bad outlet etc.

3. Change the USB Cable. If damaged, you can get a certified Apple lightning cable online for around $7. (http://www.monoprice.com) or amazion.com. Be wary of cheap knock-offs.

4. Reboot. Try the simple reboot (shut down and restart the device). Here’s how: Hold down the power button (edge of device) and home button (physical button at bottom of screen) until you see the Apple logo, and it will restart.

BUT If none of this works see your Apple expert. Sorry.

What to do if your
iDevice gets wet.
Drop everything and do this first, before putting it in rice:
1. Remove from water as soon as possible—seconds can matter.
2. Turn the iDevice off immediately by holding down the power button until it shuts off.
3. Remove any case or enclosure right away since they can trap moisture. Screen protectors are okay unless there’s a water bubble
4. Dry out the iPhone as best as you can using any cloth that is handy(t-shirt, socks). Wipe down the screen, sides, and back. Pay special attention to the power button, volume buttons, mute switch, speakers and microphones, and the audio output jack, try and get all the moisture you can see, dried up.
5. Use a Q-Tip to soak up extra water from the audio output jack and in small crevices.
6. Disconnect accessories.

Now, with all visible water removed, you are ready to put the iDevice into a sealed bag of rice. The rice will absorb the water. You’ll need:
A zip-lock type bag
Rice, any generic type, not “enriched”
Patience for at least 36 hours
Fill the bag fairly full of rice so that the entire iDevice will be covered, then place the iDevice into the bag and seal it shut leaving some air in the bag.

Waiting is the hardest part but the longer you wait generally the better the results. You want all water inside the device to be completely absorbed by the rice prior to powering up. Aim for an absolute minimum of 36 hours. Less time may work but why not wait longer.

After you’ve waited the long 36 hours, open the bag and check out the iDevice. If you suspect the iDevice has any moisture left in it at all, do not power it on but re-bag it with new rice and wait again. If all seems well, go ahead and turn it on as usual and it will start. You will have survived the water encounter!

If this fails, a visit to your service center / Apple Store is the next step. Sorry.


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March 18, 2016
By Brent Malcolm

Voice Memos
Have you ever thought about using the Voice Memos utility on your iPhone or iPad to record a memo rather than using the Notes utility. Although Notes has been vastly improved with the release of El Capitan and iOS9, Voice Memos (VM) can be quicker and easier to implement. Just open VM (remember, you can tell Siri, “Open voice memos”), press the red dot and speak your memo. When you’re done press the red square (where the dot was), it pauses, then touch “Done” to stop and be prompted to save the memo with a title of your choice. Your voice memo will be saved in a list.
That’s all well and good but what if you want to do something with the memo beside listen to it on your device. In that case simply touch the memo listing and you have the option of: Edit (to add something to the memo), to trash the memo or, lastly, share the memo. Touch the Share symbol (the square with an upward pointing arrow) and now you have the option of sending the voice memo via Message, Mail or to add it to the Notes application. If you have Evernote or Dropbox you can also send it to those applications.
As an alternative, using
AirDrop, you can send your voice memo directly to your nearby Mac’s Finder. To accomplish this, your Mac and iDevice must have both Bluetooth and Wi-Fi turned on. First, open an AirDrop window on your Mac’s Finder then double tap the AirDrop symbol on your iDevice and a symbol for your Mac will appear. Tap it and your voice memo will be whisked away to your Mac’s Downloads folder. Note: AirDrop will only work with a Mac made in the past five years or so. See this site for AirDrop capability: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT203106.
Give Voice Memos a try, I think you’ll find it useful.

Make iOS More Readable
When Apple introduced the clean iOS 7 design that still remains in iOS 9, some found it too light to read easily. But don’t be daunted, at least Apple gives you the capability to do something about that possible shortcoming. Go to Settings > General > Accessibility and follow along.
Larger Text: Tap the Larger Text label and turn on the Larger Accessibility Sizes button. Then adjust the size that you prefer with the slider. This will affect all the Apple apps but not necessarily the other apps until they are updated by their developer to make them Dynamic Type compatible. Bold Text: When you turn on Bold Text you will be prompted to restart your iDevice. When it comes back, all fonts are bolder and perhaps easier to read. Button Shapes: Sometimes it’s difficult to tell what is a button in iOS9 since many buttons just look like a label. Turn on Button Shapes and a grey box will appear around all buttons to identify them clearly as a button. Increase Contrast: There are three switches here to Reduce Transparency, Darken Colors and Reduce White Point. I’d advise you to experiment with these to make iOS windows easier for you to read.
There are a few more options within the Accessibility settings but I think the ones above will enable you to make your iDevice more readable. Mac Club News

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February 19, 2016
By Brent Malcolm

How do you dock your Dock?
Is your Dock located just where it was when you bought your Mac, residing at the bottom of the screen and always visible? You have many other options for the placement and the look of the Dock. You can place the Dock on the right side, left side or of course on the bottom of the screen where it probably is now. Moreover, you can set it to be hidden to give you more screen space while making it appear only when you move the cursor into the Dock space. Lastly, you can set the size of the Dock icons and cause them to magnify as the cursor passes over them. This feature will allow you to add more small application icons to the Dock without taking up a lot of space. All these features are controllable in System Preferences > Dock. Access your System Preferences under the Apple menu.

Forgetting Mail Enclosures?
How many times have you meant to include an email enclosure and in haste, sent the message off without the enclosure attached? That used to happen to me frequently but the problem has vanished since I purchased ForgetMeNot. The little Mail plug-in, ForgetMeNot, will remind you to add an enclosure if any keyword is present in your message and there is no enclosure attached. You can customize the keywords to such things as, “enclosed”, “here is”, etc. Forget about those embarrassing moments when you forgot to attach a file to your email. The plug-in is available for $9.95 at https://www.feingeist.io/mail-plugins/.

Using Apple Pay
Have you compared using the new chip-enabled credit cards with Apple pay? Once you’re able to find the slot to insert the chip card, then be careful to wait until the transaction is processed before you remove it. All of the 5S, 6 and 6S iPhones can use Apple pay and they are more convenient, faster and more secure. In case you may not be aware of the many places that accept payment with the iPhone, we've compiled this list for your shopping pleasure.
Here’s a link to where you can use Apple Pay http://www.apple.com/apple-pay/where-to-use-apple-pay/

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February 5, 2016
By Brent Malcolm
Are you trapped in Safari?
This article was first published in August 2015 but there has been a recent epidemic of this potentially expensive phishing scam so I think it’s worth a review.
As most of you Mac users know, there has never been a virus written for the Mac. However, all of us are exposed to the threat of various phishing exploits where an innocent looking email entices us to click on a link that exposes us to an unsolicited malware download. But recently a new phishing strategy is making its presence.
You may visit a Web site and seem to have your browser frozen. You can’t quit, nor can you navigate away from the page by clicking the Back button. Then, a page or pop-up appears telling you that your Mac has a problem or has illegal material on it, or that your data has been encrypted.
These pop-ups will give a phone number to call, claiming it’s for tech support. If you call the phone number, the person you talk to will ask you to allow them to connect to your computer via remote control software and it’s likely that they will install spyware on your computer during this connection.
Or the pop-up may give instructions on how to send
ransom money to the people who are responsible for causing your browser to freeze, along with a promise that they will unfreeze your browser and/or decrypt your data once they receive the ransom.
You should know that your Mac hasn’t been infected with any malware and that your data hasn’t been harmed. You should NEVER call the given phone number and you should never pay any ransom requested. You can deal with this situation yourself.
First, force-quit your Web browser. There are two ways of doing this: (1) Choose Force Quit from the Apple menu or press its shortcut, Command-Option-Escape. Or, (2) Control-Option-click on the Web browser’s icon in the Dock, and choose Force Quit.
Second, many browsers can be set to reload the previously displayed Web pages when they next launch, which could put you right back where you started. To prevent this in Safari, press the Shift key before clicking the Safari icon in the Dock or double-clicking the Safari icon in the Applications folder to launch.
Please, please, [save] this article. At the rate this event is occurring. the odds are you’ll be faced with it soon and you’ll be prepared.


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January 8, 2016
By Brent Malcolm

Comcast Mail in the Modern Age
As a little background, there are two protocols that are used to fetch mail from your mail provider (Verizon, GMail, etc.): POP and IMAP. The first, Post Office Protocol, is the original system and dates back to when Email was first introduced. POP downloads all of your mail to your computer and may or may not erase it from the server. (You can select which option.) The problem with this method in the modern era is that you may normally download and read mail on a number of devices depending on where you are. This is still possible with POP but if you delete a message on one device it remains on the other device(s). You then spend a lot of time deleting mail you’ve already read from your other devices.
To solve this problem (and to improve the security of email in general), Internet Message Access Protocol or IMAP was developed. Instead of downloading messages, IMAP stores all messages on your Email server. The elegance of this method is revealed when you delete a message on a particular device, say your iPhone. The message is then deleted from the server and deleted from all your other devices, your iMac, your iPad, etc. at the same time.
Comcast has recently begun to support IMAP. If you have a Comcast email account. I recommend you switch over to IMAP. Here are instructions to make the change.
Change from POP to IMAP
Don’t start this until you have your email account password handy. Open the Apple Mail application. First, if you have any Comcast emails in the Inbox, save them either to a secondary folder or to an Archive (select File > Save As). When you delete your POP account on your computer, these messages will be deleted.
Open Mail > Preferences and select the Accounts tab. Select your Comcast POP account and click the minus sign at the bottom. This will delete the old account.
Then add the new account by clicking on the plus sign. You will be asked to select a Mail account provider, check “Other Mail Account” and click Continue.
In the next window, your name should already be filled in. Add your Comcast email address and password and click Continue. Don’t forget to set your preferences for this new account under the Mailbox Behaviors and the Advanced tabs.
That’s it. Welcome to modern Email
Mac Club News

Our meeting on 17 December was a blowout! Close to 50 attendees came to hear Aaron Davis our Apple representative…a club record!

Our meeting on 26 January will feature the always popular, Mike Wish, who will demonstrate his most valuable and useful iPhone and iPad apps. This is a not-to-be-missed meeting for everyone who uses a portable device.

LWMac Club is moving in space and time.
Your club’s increased membership and program attendance required finding a more suitable location. I’m sure you remember some standing room only programs, and some crowded seating. After much behind the scenes activity, including getting wi-fi -(which benefits all clubhouse users) and adjusting schedules with other activities we are moving both room and days.
Starting January 2016 we’ll meet the fourth Tuesday at 10am in the Clubhouse 2 exercise room (next to theater ramp). Please make a note of these changes:
Effective: January 2016
When: 4th Tuesday
Where: CH 2 exercise room

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December 2015
By Brent Malcolm

What’s Dropbox and Why Should I Care
Do you have more than one Mac (or a Mac and mobile device) between which you would like to share some files? Do you have photos or other files that you would like to share with others? Perhaps Dropbox is an application for you to consider.
Dropbox can be a home for all, or just some of your photos, docs, videos, and files. Anything you put in Dropbox will automatically show up on all your computers, phones, iPads and even the Dropbox website — so you can access your stuff from anywhere even from some other device using your Dropbox password. Dropbox also makes it easy to share with others.
Dropbox will sync all your stuff wherever you happen to be. With apps available for all your computers, phones, and tablets, you can open documents, photos or videos from anywhere. Dropbox makes sharing easy. You can send people links to specific files, photos, and folders in your Dropbox.
Here’s how to use it: For your Mac(s), you begin by downloading the free Dropbox application from dropbox.com. When installed, it places a Dropbox folder in your home folder (the one with the little house icon) and in your Finder Sidebar. You use it just like any other folder. Included in the Dropbox folder are complete instructions for its use including how to send links to others so they can download specific files from your Dropbox. You have full control over who can have access to what files. In this regard, it differs from iCloud storage.
To install Dropbox in your iPhone or iPad, download it from the App Store in iTunes. When installed on your mobile device, open the app and select Settings (within Dropbox, not the device settings). Select “Link a Computer”. You will be prompted to proceed to a section of the Dropbox website that will link you to the Dropbox on your Mac. If you hadn’t first installed Dropbox on your Mac, it will download a new copy to your Mac.
Dropbox provides a free 5 GB of storage which is usually sufficient for files that you want to share. For every friend you refer to Dropbox, they will allocate you an additional 500 MB of free storage. If you have a need for more storage the next increment is 1 TB for $9.99 per month or $99 per year.
I’ve used Dropbox for a couple of years using just the free storage and find it very useful for keeping selected files in sync between my desktop and laptop Macs and for sharing files with others.


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November 2015
By Brent Malcolm

Useful Tricks for Apple Mail
Mail in OS X has always been a practical, useful mail client and it now contains new features that you may have overlooked. When a major operating system upgrade occurs, the focus is usually on the improvements and changes in the OS itself and not on the ancillary applications like Mail. Two very useful enhancements were added with Yosemite and continue into El Capitan: Markup and Mail Drop.
See Tips for more explanations.



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June, 2015
by Brent Malcolm

Using the Safari Reading List
Have you ever seen something at a web site that you want to read but it’s too long or you don’t have time right now. So what do you do to make sure you can read it later? You don’t want to print it. You could make a PDF of it but sometimes it only captures the first page of the site or you may not be near a printer. You could leave the browser tab on that site but maybe you’re at a Wi-Fi site and about to leave.
This is where Safari’s Reading List helps you out. Just look for the Share button in the Safari toolbar, the one that looks like box with an arrow pointing up. (Our Apple rep, Aaron Davis says the hip name for it is the “sharrow”.) Click it and you’ll get a menu; select the option “Add to Reading List”. This will save the entire article on your computer and make it available even when you are no longer connected to the internet. This is particularly useful when you’re on the go and can’t stay connected to read everything you would like.
But then how do you read what you have put into your Reading List? Look for the Sidebar button in the Safari toolbar, a rectangle divided by a vertical line. Click it and the Sidebar will appear with three buttons at the top. Click on the middle button that looks like a pair of glasses and your Reading List will appear. Click on the item to read it. Right click for a menu that among other things will delete the item from the Reading List. Click the Sidebar button again to remove the Sidebar.
If, by chance, you don’t have a Sidebar button in your Safari toolbar, go to the View menu and select Customize toolbar. Find the Sidebar icon and drag it up into your toolbar, than click “Done”.

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April, 2015
by Brent Malcolm

Be Careful Out There
You are sitting at home when the door bell rings and there is a fellow there who claims he’s from Ford and he needs your car keys so he can take the car back to the Service Department for some mandatory upgrades. Of course you close the door in his face and go back to what you were doing. But when the same thing happens by phone or by email, hundreds of people every day are willing give up what the caller asks for.
I can not say this strongly enough: Do not ever give out personal information to a caller or emailer. No matter who they say they are! If you think they might be a legitimate caller from a firm with which you do business, ask for their name and call the company back with the number or email address that you have on file. The email phishers are getting very sophisticated and their emails look quite trustworthy so my counsel is to never click on an email link. If you want to access the site, go to your browser and enter the URL yourself.
Similarly, if you get a popup menu that wants you to download an application to fix or clean up your Mac, just close the window and go on with what you were doing. Your Mac doesn’t need––or want––any third-party products that claim to fix your Mac. In fact, products like Mac Cleaner are devilishly difficult to purge from your Mac once installed.
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March, 2015
Back to Basics
Our meeting this month will be a review of basic Macintosh operating procedures. We will cover a host of shortcuts, methods and keystrokes that will make life with your Mac simpler and easier. Join us in the Clubhouse 2 Meeting Room on April 16th at 10 AM.
And look for a similar Back to Basics session for the iPad and iPhone in May.
Exercise Your Battery
One aspect of good battery health, in many ways seems counterintuitive. Many notebook users leave their Macs continuously plugged into a power source, thereby keeping the battery fully charged at all times. After a year or two of keeping the battery always plugged-in they will find they have a need to run the Mac on battery power, only to find a battery greatly degraded in performance. Why does this happen? The battery has never been used, shouldn’t it be as strong as the day it was purchased? Unfortunately, the answer is no.
Like humans, batteries need to exercise from time to time. The best thing you can do for your battery is to use it once a week or at least once a month. You need to keep the electrons flowing through the battery. Run through a full discharge cycle – where you run on the battery until it is nearly depleted – and then let it fully recharge. This will keep the battery healthy and give you the best performance when you need it.
So, use your laptop without plugging it in and then recharge it when its battery has depleted to 10% to 15%.

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February, 2015
by Brent Malcolm
iCloud Drive
Most of you have heard of iCloud. However, there is a great new feature: iCloud Drive which was introduced with iOS8 and Yosemite. One of the features I most enjoy about iCloud Drive is that you can let any application that supports iCloud Drive access your iCloud storage. Then, you can edit these files on any other device that has been set up for iCloud Drive.
You set up access to the iCloud Drive on your Mac in OS X Yosemite by opening System Preferences and selecting iCloud. Sign in with your Apple ID (if necessary) and select iCloud Drive. Once you do that you’ll see the iCloud Drive as a separate folder in the Mac Finder sidebar and any documents that you had saved in iCloud will appear in iCloud Drive. You treat iCloud Drive as just another folder.
To set up iCloud Drive on your mobile device in iOS 8, you tap Settings, then iCloud. Sign in with your Apple ID (if necessary) then select iCloud Drive, then Continue.
You may also access iCloud Drive from a variety of compatible web browsers – Safari 6 or later, Firefox 22 or later, or Google Chrome 28 or later. This web version of iCloud Drive lets you create folders, upload files, download files, and delete files. Even devices with Windows 8 or later works in a very similar way as iCloud Drive on OS X Yosemite.
iCloud Drive offers 5 GB of storage free and additional storage is available for the following fee per month: 20 GB at $0.99, 200 GB at $3.99, 500 GB at $9.99 and 1 TB at $19.99. You can store any type of document on your iCloud Drive as long as it is less than 15 GB in size and you don’t exceed your storage limit.
Learn how to Talk to Your Mac
At the next Mac Club meeting Jim Owen will discuss and demonstrate how you can use the Macintosh and Dragon dictation capability instead of typing your emails, documents, etc. The demonstration will also include how to use Preview to fill in forms and add your signature. Join us at the usual place, Clubhouse 2, Meeting Room 2 at 10:00 AM on March 19th.


Apple Software Upgrades
We encourage all of you to maintain the latest software in both your Mac and your iPhone/iPad. Not only do you get to enjoy the latest features and capabilities but you benefit from the “under-the-hood” changes as well. By that I mean, such things as improved security attributes, improved battery life and many others.

Apple has recently issued a number of upgrades for OS X Yosemite, iOS8 and even the Apple TV. Here is a synopsis of the changes:

Yosemite - downloaded using the App Store > Updates tab
-Resolves an issue that might cause Wi-Fi to disconnect — this one has been a huge headache for many Mac users, so fingers crossed that it’s truly fixed
-Resolves an issue that might cause Web pages to load slowly
-Fixes an issue that could cause Spotlight to load remote email content even when this preference is disabled in Mail
-Improves audio and video sync when using Bluetooth headphones
-Adds the capability to browse iCloud Drive in Time Machine
-Improves VoiceOver speech performance
Resolves an issue that could cause VoiceOver to echo characters when entering text on a Web page
-Addresses an issue that could cause the input method to switch languages unexpectedly
Improves stability and security in Safari

iOS8 - download on the device via Settings > General > Software Update or on your computer in iTunes.
-Reduce the amount of storage required to perform a software update.
-An issue that prevented some users from entering the Apple ID password for Messages and FaceTime
-A bug that caused Spotlight to stop displaying app results
-A bug that prevented iPads from recognizing multitasking gestures
-Adds new configuration options for standardized education testing
-Security improvements
Apple TV download via Settings > General > Software Update
-Security improvements



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August, 2014, column by Brent Malcolm
Coming Soon - iOS 8
This fall, along with the coming release of the new desktop operating system, Yosemite, Apple will release the new mobile operating system, iOS 8. Just like Yosemite, iOS 8 will be packed with many new features. Here are a few: TouchID: The touch ID capability introduced in the iPhone 5s to sign in to your phone will now be used to control certain other third-party iPhone applications as an alternative to using a password. Keyboard: New software called QuickType will offer suggestions as you type to speed up your typing and will curtail Autocorrect. Notifications: iOS 8 will allow you to respond to notifications from other apps even from the lock screen. Mail - Similarly, Mail will allow you to interact with other apps like Calendar without leaving Mail. You will also be able to access your incoming mail while composing an outgoing letter. Siri: Siri will also be voice activated simply by saying, “Hey Siri”. HomeKit: This will be Apple’s beginning venture into controlling various home devices with apps on your smart phone.

Yosemite and iOS 8
These two new operating systems will allow more direct interaction between your desktop / laptop and your mobile (iOS) devices. You will be allowed to access your iPhone’s Personal Hotspot capability directly from your laptop without having to touch your iPhone.

You will soon be allowed to “AirDrop” between OS X and iOS. The technology that allowed Mac users to wirelessly move files between their computers will now be available to move files between computers and iOS devices.

Family Sharing is a new capability in Yosemite and iOS8 that will allow the iTunes content and apps that are purchased by any family member to be accessed by any other family member as long as each person’s iTunes account is linked to the same credit card.

Watch for the release of Yosemite and iOS8 as Apple says, “…this fall”. If you can’t wait to try out all the new features, there is a free Beta Yosemite and iOS8 that can be downloaded now.

July 1, 2014, column by Brent Malcolm

Coming Soon - Yosemite
The new Macintosh operating system Mac OS X 10.10 Yosemite was announced at the recent Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) in San Francisco. This article will touch on some of the new things that you can expect to see in Yosemite.

The Safari toolbar has been redesigned for more elegant viewing and faster performance. In addition Safari has added more privacy and security controls. The Messages application will now allow you to send and receive both iMessages—which you could do before and now, SMS messages, right on your Mac.

Mail will incorporate a new feature called Mail Drop. Right now, if you send a large attachment in your mail, many mail servers will reject your email. With Yosemite, Mail will automatically upload your attachment to Mail Drop from which recipients can download the file when they wish.

Yosemite and iOS will be more tightly integrated so that you can answer any iPhone calls right on your Mac with your phone in your pocket. Moreover if you were working on a message or email with your phone, when you get home you can put it down and continue working on the same message on your Mac since the two will be seamlessly integrated. As long as your iPhone is nearby you will be able to turn on the iPhone instant hotspot from your Macintosh and get online with your Mac right away without any other internet connection.

iCloud as we know it will be expanding and will be known as iCloud Drive. You will be able to store any type of file in iCloud Drive and access it on any Apple device. With iCloud drive, you can organize your files in the cloud the way you like, create as many folders as you want, and add tags to find files faster, just as you do on your Mac.

All these features and much more will be available on Yosemite to be released this fall and as before, the operating system upgrade will be free. We plan to have our Apple representative, Aaron Davis, return to do a presentation after Yosemite is released.

Today's Tip - The iPad
Apple provides a huge library of support articles for all of their devices and all software applications. One of the libraries provides support articles for the iPad. It can be found at www.apple.com/support/ipad/.* The first group covers iPad Essentials and the articles within cover such things as: Updating your iOS device, Choosing an iOS backup method, Using iTunes to restore your iPad, What to do if you have forgotten your passcode, How to turn off or restart your iPad, Basic troubleshooting and many other subjects.

For all you new iPad owners (and even you old users) it's worth a look at what you can find in the iPad Essentials library.



June 17, 2014
by Brent Malcolm

Leisure World Apple Club?
When the Macintosh club was founded by Herb Block in 2006 the only computer-like products were the various versions of the Macintosh. Now, eight years have passed and we are surrounded by not only the venerable Macintosh but in addition, the many versions of the iPhone, iPod, iPad, Apple TV and iWatch on the horizon. All of these devices work in harmony and share common roots and we endeavor to provide instruction and support for all of them so the obvious question is: should our club now be called the Apple Club?

Please let us know what you think, both pro and con; email us at lwmacclub@gmail.com.

Security Meeting
Don't miss the meeting on security on June 19th at 10:00 AM in Clubhouse 2.

Breaking News -
OS X Yosemite
At the annual Worldwide Developers Conference, Apple announced some of the details of the new operating system, Yosemite, to be released in the fall. I'll review some of the changes in the next issue.

Today's Tip
Do you have a group of people to whom you regularly send email? If so, consider using
groups in your Contacts application. Once you construct a group of names you simply address your email to the group name and Contacts fills in all the group names for you.

Setting up a group is simple. Open Contacts and go to File > New Group or click the + sign on any contact page and select New Group. Doing either action will place a new group name in the Contacts sidebar named untitled group. Re-name it with something appropriate; for this example I'll call it MyGroup. Now click on All Contacts and find the listing for the first name you want to add to MyGroup. Now just drag the name over onto the name MyGroup and you will have added it to the group. Continue to do this for everyone in your group. When you click on the name MyGroup in the sidebar, all the names you have added will appear in the list where all your contacts were previously listed.

Now to send an email to your new group simply type MyGroup in the Bcc section of your email and all the included names will be automatically inserted into your email. Alternatively, when in Contacts you can right-click on the group name and one of the selections will be "Send Email to MyGroup".

You may ask, why put the names in the
Bcc (Blind Carbon Copy) address section of my email? This is for security and privacy. When you use Bcc, none of the addressee's email addresses are visible to the recipient nor are they subject to theft by hackers if any of your addressees are PC users. To be sure you practice safe emailing always put your name in the To section of an email and your group names in the Bcc section. If your email template does not include a Bcc section, click on the small icon to the left of the From label and select Bcc Address Field.



June 3, 2014
by Brent Malcolm

June Meeting
As you may know, the June meeting will be on security. The emphasis will be on internet security and the things that you should know to keep you safe. The subjects that will be covered are: passwords and password managers, phishing, the Heartbleed bug and risky email providers. We have a guest from the Washington Apple Pi, the local Washington area Apple User Group, who will make the Heartbleed presentation.

If time permits, we will cover internal computer security; such things as administrator and screen saver passwords, firewalls and installation of up-to-date operating systems and applications.

The meeting will be on Thursday, June 19th at 10:00 AM in Clubhouse 2.

Today's Tip
Have you ever wished you could
print an envelope right from a person's card in Contacts? YesÉpeople actually still print and mail envelopes. It turns out that you can print a lot more than just envelopes from Contacts. First, select the name of the person you want to address. Then select File > Print (or use the shortcut Command-P).

In the Print dialog box, look in the Style menu and select Envelopes. Then in the Layout tab below, select the size of envelope you intend to print. There is a vast choice of North American, International and Japanese envelope sizes. Then on to the Label tab where other choices such as return address await your selection. Finally, look at the Orientation tab to select portrait or landscape printing. Note the orientation of the envelope in the model on the left. That is how you will insert the envelope into your printer; either top of envelope first or left edge first.


April 15, 2014
by Brent Malcolm

iPad 101.
Our presentation this month is on iPad basics presented by Ron Masi. There have been many recent inquiries about how to use the iPad, so this review should benefit many of our members.

Ron is a long-time iPad user who probably holds the record for having the most apps. His presentations are always thorough and detailed, so this will be a perfect opportunity for most iPad users to review the basics and receive guidance on many useful operating tips. Join us on April 17 at 10:30 am in Clubhouse II and bring your iPad.

Today's Tip.
When you are reading a web page or a lengthy document, how do you
scroll the pages? One useful function that the Mac has had for years is the ability to scroll using the space bar. Instead of using your scroll bar, your mouse scroll button or your track pad, simply touch the space bar and the screen will advance one page. You will find this far simpler than fiddling with a mouse or trackpad. And, as a bonus, if you press the shift key, the scrolling will reverse and the screen will back up one page.



April 1, 2014
by Brent Malcolm

Apple Presentation.
I hope that most of you were able to attend our monthly meeting on Thursday, March 20 when Apple engineer, Aaron Davis, gave an outstanding presentation of the
Mavericks Operating System. If you were present you no doubt discovered that there are a host of capabilities and functions in Mavericks that can be easily overlooked without a presentation such as Aaron's.

One interesting point that was made by Aaron was that Apple will probably change the operating system on an annual cycle. The OS names will be after California landmarks (no more cats). The plan, so far, is for new OSs to be free.

There were some new faces at the March 20 meeting so I will remind everyone to take advantage of the Apple clinic that we host every Tuesday morning between 10 and 11 in the Computer Learning Center in Clubhouse II. Bring your Mac, iPad and iPhone questions and get help for these devices.

Today's Tip.
Does your contacts list contain birthdays? Although the default card in Contacts does not contain a
birthday field, adding one is quite simple. Go to Contacts > Preferences > Templates tab which shows all the fi elds in a new card. Open the dropdown menu labeled. "Add Field" and select Birthday. (When you have the menu open you will see that there are many additional fi elds that you can add such as nickname, middle name and maiden name.)

Once you have added birthdays to your Contacts list go to the Calendar application, open its preferences, select the General tab and insure that "Show Birthdays Calendar" is checked. You will fi nd the bonus is that all those individual's birthdays that you put in Contacts, now appear in your Calendar application.


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March 4, 2014
Ron Masi

What You've Been Waiting For—and FREE

Whats Free?

Expert Apple Senior Engineer - Apple Education,
Aaron Davis presents and answers your question on Mavericks. Aaron is a personable guy who talks at our level, and it goes without saying he knows Mavericks. Come get you questions addressed, do you need Mavericks?, what you may be missing if I don't update, what are the drawbacks, etc., etc.

Mac's OS X Mavericks is the 10th major release of the world's most advanced desktop operating system with more than 200 new features. Mavericks brings iBooks and Maps to the Mac, includes a new version of Safari, enhances multi-display support, introduces Finder Tabs and Tags and delivers new core technologies for breakthrough power efficiency and performance.
See you March 20, at 10:30 a.m. in Clubhouse II.